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Milk Replacers

Calf Milk Replacer Guide

The Calf Milk Replacer Guide provides a wealth of information about milk replacer ingredients, product tags, mixing and feeding, formulation & feeding rate, cold weather strategies as well as tips for raising a healthy calf. The Guide is a solid resource for those wanting to improve their knowledge and understanding of milk replacers and is an excellent primer if you are new to milk replacers and feeding calves.

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Animal Plasma Protein Tech Bulletin
Animal plasma is not only a source of high quality nutrients, it also provides unique functional proteins that have beneficial effects on the integrity and function of the small intestine, improving its barrier function and ultimately improving calf performance.


Hydrolyzed Wheat Gluten Tech Bulletin
Hydrolyzed wheat gluten is a highly digestible protein source and provides similar performance results to all milk protein milk replacer. Hydrolyzed wheat gluten is typically included as a complement to animal plasma protein in milk replacers.

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Proven Performance of Wheat & Plasma Proteins
This research review shows better weight gain and more starter intake with fewer scour and treatment days for calves fed milk replacer containing wheat and animal plasma proteins

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The Science of Mixing Milk Replacers Video
What could be simpler than mixing a bit of powder with water? However, a surprising number of issues can creep up that affect measuring, mixing and feeding milk replacer. This movie explains how milk replacer is put together, proper mixing procedures, what can go wrong and the effects on the calf. Basic management tools and how to evaluate the milk replacer mixing and feeding program are discussed.

Alternative Proteins For Milk Replacers Video
Alternative, non-milk proteins can provide both a cost savings and performance advantage compared to all-milk proteins in calf milk replacers. This video takes a look at the current use, benefits and potential of animal plasma, hydrolyzed wheat protein and soy protein in calf milk replacers.

Future Perspective On Accelerated Milk Replacer Feeding Video
Accelerated milk replacer feeding programs (also known as intensive, enhanced, full-potential or biologically appropriate growth feeding programs) were introduced as an alternative to conventional calf feeding strategies. These programs implement higher milk replacer feeding levels aimed at improvements in growth, health, age at first calving and milk production. This videos looks at the research supporting these objectives and provides a perspective on current and future application of these feeding strategies.


Procream -- Nutritional and Health Benefits in Animal Nutrition

Milk Replacer Medications

Medication Options for Milk Replacers
…an overview of the inclusion levels and uses of the different medications that can be added to milk replacers during manufacturing

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Deccox vs. Bovatec
…describes the modes of action of Deccox and Bovatec and ways to assure calves receive adequate coccidia protection as they grow

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The Veterinary Feed Directive (VFD) Video
The Veterinary Feed Directive (VFD) becomes effective on Jan 1, 2017. Any medically important antibiotics will be subject to the feed directive rule — this includes Oxytetracyline/Neomycin Sulfate. This video provides an overview of the VFD regulation and the process for distributing animal feeds containing a VFD drug.

Milk Replacer Additives

ClariFly - Fly Season
This tech bulletin shows the different fly season lengths across the United States and when to add ClariFly to milk replacer to achieve best protection.

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Calf Management & Facilities

The Science of Mixing Milk Replacer Video

What could be simpler than mixing a bit of powder with water? However, a surprising number of issues can creep up that affect measuring, mixing and feeding milk replacer. This movie explains how milk replacer is put together, proper mixing procedures, what can go wrong and the effects on the calf. Basic management tools and how to evaluate the milk replacer mixing and feeding program are discussed. 

Automatic Calf Feeder Handbook

The Automatic Calf Feeding Handbook provides an overview of the key management components of raising calves using automatic calf feeding systems. It is intended for nutrition and farm management professionals desiring to improve their understanding and familiarity with these automated systems. So whether you raise calves individually and are interested in adopting automatic feeders, have a farm support role, or you currently have automatic feeders and just want to learn another view point, this publication may be right for you.

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Bloat In Calves & Other Young Livestock
Winterize Your Calf Feeding Program Video
Cold temperatures mean extra demands on the calf to stay warm and grow. This movie describes adjustments to calf feeding and management programs to support and protect calves as the temperature drops.





Building a Strong Future Video
This movie documents one farm’s transition from a group-housed, acidified waste milk calf rearing system to a group-housed, computerized milk replacer feeding system in a new facility. The technology incorporated into the new calf barn and the effects of these changes on animals and people are highlighted.







Calf Management Tips Video Series

Evaluating Dehydration
A brief look at techniques for evaluating the hydration status of calves. The skin tent test is highlighted and appropriate rehydration is discussed.


Esophageal Tube Feeder
An esophageal tube feeder is an essential tool for feeding colostrum to newborn calves and for administering fluids to sick or dehydrated calves. For some calf raisers, the idea of tubing a calf may cause some anxiety over possibly hurting the calf or causing fluids to enter the lungs. Using good technique minimizes the possibility of harming the calf. In this video, Elizabeth demonstrates the proper technique for inserting the tube and administering fluids.

Lidocaine Blocking & Dehorning
Dehorning calves can be a painful process. Blocking the cornual nerve  with lidocaine numbs the horn bud area and controls the pain associated with disbudding. In this movie, Elizabeth demonstrates how to block the nerve and dehorn a calf using a butane dehorner.

Dehorning with Caustic Paste
Dehorning paste is applied directly to the horn buds of calves less than eight weeks of age. The caustic substance in the paste cauterizes the tissue over time and prevents horn growth. Research into dehorning pain management shows that calves being dehorned with caustic paste benefit from nerve blocking with lidocaine and general pain relief from an NSAID such as Meloxicam. In this movie, Elizabeth shows how to prepare the horn bud and apply the dehorning paste. For a demonstration on lidocaine blocking, see Calf Management Tips: Lidocaine Blocking & Dehorning.

Administering Intravenous Injections

Medications such as Banamine® (for pain) must be injected directly into a vein. In this movie, Elizabeth demonstrates how to administer an intravenous injection to a young calf.

Administering Intravenous Fluids
Knowing how to administer intravenous fluids can save a calf’s life. Severely dehydrated calves that cannot stand or even lie in an upright position are likely to be severely dehydrated with greater than 8% dehydration. Their suckle reflex is poor or nonexistent and IV fluids may be the only thing that can revive them. Elizabeth demonstrates how to place and secure a catheter and administer IV fluids to a recumbent calf in this episode of Calf Management Tips.

Administering Subcutaneous Fluids
Dehydrated calves often need fluids in addition to oral electrolyte treatment. Subcutaneous fluids are administered under the skin and are a valuable compliment to oral electrolyte therapy for calves that are between 5 to 8% dehydrated. In this episode of Calf Management Tips, Elizabeth shows how to properly administer subcutaneous fluids to baby calves.

Nesting Score

 This episode of Calf Management Tips focuses on bedding for calves. Weather conditions are a major factor when it comes to assuring that calves have appropriate bedding. This video provides descriptions and examples of nesting scores for calves.

Colostrum IgG Testing with a Brix Refractometer

Measuring and monitoring the IgG content of the colostrum being feed your calves is a critical first step in assuring calves receive the nutrition and immunity they need to get off to a good start. In this video, Elizabeth demonstrates how to use two digital refractometers and an optical refractometer for testing colostrum IgG.

Testing Serum Total Protein

Measuring serum total protein is the second step in monitoring and evaluating your colostrum management and feeding programs — the first step is assuring calves receive high quality colostrum. Serum total protein measurements allows you to determine the success or failure of passive transfer of immunity from colostrum to the calf, and offers important insights into the farm’s colostrum feeding program as well as the status of individual calves. Elizabeth demonstrates how to collect, prepare and evaluate a blood sample for serum total proteins.

Newborn Calf Protocol In the Maternity Pen

There are several steps you should take while the calf is in the maternity pen to assure it gets off to a good start. In this video, Elizabeth explains how to evaluate overall vigor, methods to stimulate breathing, colostrum feeding and dipping the calf’s navel.

Referenced videos: see the complete list of Calf Management Tips videos for links to: 
     Colostrum IgG Testing With a Brix Refractometer 
     Esophageal Tube Feeding 


Fully Calf-N-ated

Technical Tips In Dairy Calf Management 

Managing Calves In Cold Weather
Cold weather can mean serious challenges to animals, especially young calves. Handling and feeding the newborn, fitting and proper use of calf jackets and assuring adequate bedding for nestling against the cold are all discussed in the this issue. It is important to provide additional nutritional support and access to water during cold weather to assure adequate nutrient intake during this time of increased energy demand.

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Evaluating Your Colostrum Management Program
A good colostrum management program is essential for overall calf health and performance. In this edition, Elizabeth discusses the supplies and procedures for collecting, testing and evaluating a blood sample for IgG concentration..

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